Gum Disease Treatment
What is periodontal disease? Gum disease (also called periodontal disease) is a dental problem that affects many adults. This disease begins when plaque builds up around the gum line. The bacteria in plaque eventually cause irritation, inflammation, and swelling. Gums that bleed easily when you floss or brush is a common gum disease symptom or periodontal disease.
Left untreated, the disease progresses to periodontitis. At this stage, the gums begin to form pockets or spaces in the gum tissue which allow more bacteria to enter and accumulate. Eventually, teeth around the affected areas become loose and fall out. Bone may also be destroyed. Gum disease treatment at The Waterford Dentist includes traditional antibiotics, Prophy-Jet, and laser treatment.
Your dentist will remove plaque and tartar from the visible portions of the teeth and from the areas beneath the gum line. The surface of the tooth root is smoothed out to prevent bacteria buildup in the crevices. Prophy-Jet polishing is done after plaque and tartar have been scraped away. Prophy-Jet uses a mixture of water and sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) to polish teeth and remove food particles, stains, and any remnants of drinks or tobacco. This hand-held instrument releases a high-pressure water stream to remove remaining plaque. The baking soda is both a gentle abrasive and a neutralizing agent to the acidic deposits.
Antibiotics may be prescribed to prevent infection and control bacteria. Antibiotics may be taken as medication, used as a mouthwash, or applied directly on the gums or the gum pockets.
Advanced gum disease can also be managed using laser treatment. First, the laser is used to remove the diseased gum tissue. The laser is then used to cauterize the wound and sterilize the treatment area.
Normal brushing is not enough to prevent further plaque buildup in the gum pockets. Left untreated, these gum pockets will continue to get deeper until you experience the loss of teeth. Don’t wait for gum disease to get worse. Schedule an appointment today with your dentist in Waterford, MI when you call or contact us through our online form today.